Growing marijuana may at first seem to be easy and fun, but in fact, you will have to put a lot of work into the process. So, if you want to grow high-quality cannabis, learning the basics is only a start. Once you get a better understanding of the stages of growth a plant goes through, it will be easier for you to figure out what to do next to improve your garden.
WeedGrowHub will tell you everything you need to know about each of the stages of the marijuana plant life-cycle.
The first stage of a cannabis plant's life-cycle begins long before it starts to grow. Choosing the right seeds is, perhaps, one of the most important and definitive steps toward growing high-class cannabis.
There are three key things you should keep in mind when picking up cannabis seeds:
The first and the most important is the quality of the seeds you are going to use. If you really want to grow premium-quality marijuana, you should use high-quality cannabis seeds bought from a trustworthy source.
Next, you need to decide what type of the seeds you are going to work with. Currently, there are three types of marijuana seeds:
And finally, you need to pick the strain you are going to grow. It may be either a sativa, or an indica, or a hybrid strain, depending on the purposes you need your cannabis for. Alongside the species, you need to decide what cannabinoid you need the most: THC or CBD. If your main purpose is to get high and improve your cannabis experience, you may stick to the THC-rich strains, but if you are going to use marijuana as a medicine, you should pay more attention to the strains with a high CBD content.
Once you choose the seeds, it is time for the next step―germination. Germinating marijuana seeds before planting them into soil or medium helps you separate good seeds from the bad ones. Plus, it boosts the process and helps your plants grow faster.
There are a lot of different methods and techniques you can use to germinate cannabis seeds: from planting the seeds straight into the soil to keeping them covered with a damp towel to putting them in a cup of water. All you need to do is to find the technique that works best for you.
After a few days, your seeds should start braking, and the first little sprouts will be visible. Now, it is time to transplant your seeds into the growing medium. At this point, you need to be especially gentle and careful because germinated seeds are extremely vulnerable. Do not touch the seeds and the sprouts with your hands. Instead, use a pair of tweezers to plant the seeds into the soil or any other growing medium that you are going to use.
Once you put a germinated seed into a medium, it starts to grow pretty fast. After a few more days, you will see a small green stem with two round embryonic leaves. From now on, your cannabis plants need a lot of light in order to grow fast and stay strong.
It may take your weed plants from one to three weeks before they will become strong enough to develop a few pairs of leaves. When there are from four to eight leaves, you can move the seedlings into larger pots.
The vegetation stage is the next important phase of a cannabis plant life-cycle. At this point, the plant uses all its forces to develop a strong thick stem with new branches, become taller and larger. Therefore, it is going to need a lot of fresh water, nutrients, dry air, and warmth. Although, the most important thing is to give your marijuana plants enough light.
During the vegetative growth, you need to keep a certain lighting schedule: up to 15 hours of summer sunlight for outdoor-grown cannabis and up to 18 hours of fluorescent light for indoor-grown marijuana. When the plants are big enough, you can switch to 12 hours of light per day in order to make your cannabis plants enter the next stage of growth.
The pre-flowering stage is one of the most important parts of the marijuana growth process. At this point, you can determine the sex of your weed plants and, therefore, separate males from females. Keeping female cannabis plants isolated from the males is crucial unless you want your marijuana plants to start producing the seeds.
When there are no male plants around, a female cannabis plant uses all its forces to develop large buds covered with lots of trichomes and resin. And the more resin there is, the higher the content of THC there will be.
However, you should keep in mind that some cannabis plants may turn out to be hermaphroditic. And for your harvest, they are just as dangerous as male plants.
Once your weed plants are less exposed to the light, they will move to the next stage―flowering. The only exception is the plants that were grown from the autoflowering seeds. The autoflowering cannabis plants would enter the flowering stage automatically, even if the light schedule is not changed.
Still, during the flowering stage, you need to switch to the 12/12 light schedule, meaning that you can keep your cannabis plants under the light for no longer than 12 hours per day. At this point, the plants actually begin to develop these smelly buds covered with trichomes, pistils, and sticky resin.
Depending on the strain and the environment, it may take up to ten weeks to grow a fully mature cannabis plant from a seed. But make sure that your marijuana plants are not flowering for too long, otherwise, your weed will lose most of its medicinal and recreational properties.
There are a few tricks that may help you figure out the perfect time for harvesting your weed. One of the easiest yet most effective ways is to keep an eye on the pistils that cover cannabis buds. At first, the hues of the pistils are white, but as the time passes, they start to turn reddish orange. The trichomes may start to change their color as well.
Most cannabis growers, however, recommend starting to harvest marijuana when about a half of the trichomes change their color. And do not wait for too long, because if the trichomes start to fall off of the buds, you will lose most of the cannabinoids with them.
When you are done with the harvesting, you need to dry and cure your weed. Only when all the buds are dried properly, you can enjoy the amazing results of your hard work.