If you want to grow great cannabis on your own, you should know the difference between male and female marijuana plants. Female plants give buds that can be used for both medical and recreational purposes, while male plants just pollinate flowers and turn them into seeds. Using the following tips, you can easily get rid of all male plants before your marijuana starts flowering.
Though many beginners find it hard to identify male and female weed plants, our tips and a bit of your practice will help you harvest a large yield of great cannabis. Genetically, there is a 50:50 chance of growing female plants from cannabis seeds, because others may appear to be male plants. But you can control the female to male ratios in your garden when you know what each gender looks like.
Male marijuana plants have thicker stalks with fewer leaves than the females. That is because males grow higher comparing to female plants and need to support their weight. Growing near females, a male cannabis plant looks lanky and unhealthy.
Moreover, male weed plants have little round balls in their nodes, which are the main indicators of the male gender. Please note that female plants also have similar bulbs, but unlike males, they have long, translucent hairs on them. If you are not sure whether your plants are male or female, wait and see if hairs appear on the bulbs before cutting them.
In addition, keep in mind that male cannabis plants usually begin to flower one to four weeks sooner than females. Male plants have fewer flowers that mainly develop near the top. These flowers develop in clusters and reveal stamens when clusters open. You can identify male plants by the first flowers that appear on a stem or stalk, but try not to miss the moment when they are without their pollen.
You can throw out male plants if you do not need them, but we recommend you to move them to another room to use their leaves later for making pot butter.
Female plants of marijuana grow stronger and look bushier because of more branches. Females are also featured with more leaves at the top than the male plants of the same strain. At the beginning of the flowering season, female plants will grow little hairs on the ends of their branches. Moreover, you will find little balls with tiny hair growing in the nodes. Female cannabis flowers appear later than those of males and resemble sacks. As they grow, you will notice two upraised white stigmas on each sack.
If you cultivate cannabis, you need only the female marijuana plants as they produce flowers and contain higher levels of THC than the male plants. Most cannabis growers prefer to buy feminized seeds; this way they make sure that the plants they get are almost 100% female. But male plants can still grow, so you should look closely at your marijuana plants to make sure there are no males that can harm your yield.
Though male and female marijuana plants look very similar in the first six weeks of life, later you may notice their gender organs that will help you differentiate cannabis plants and remove males from females. If you know other secrets on how to identify the gender of marijuana plants, share your experience in the comments below.